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Local Area Health Needs Assessment

3. Health needs in Beeches

1. The local population – key influences on needs

Size: 12,081 people live in this local community area. The total population grew more rapidly
than Bucks between 2001 and 2011 (up 13.1% vs. 5.5%).
Age profile: older population than Bucks (lower % aged 15-34; higher % aged 70+).
6.9% of people are aged under 5 (833), compared to 6.3% in Bucks; numbers have
increased by almost 30% in the area between 2001 and 2011
10.5% of people are aged 75+ (1,267), compared to 7.8% in Bucks; numbers increased
faster than the Bucks average (33% vs. 24% increase; 2001-11)
Early years: in 2011, there were 156 births in the area, 2.5% of the total for Bucks.
Deprivation: the area is less deprived than the Bucks average (average IMD 2010 score: 6.6;
range 1.7 to 12.3), vs. the Bucks average of 10.2 [low scores are less deprived].
Ethnicity: the area is less ethnically diverse compared to the Bucks average (9.6% people are
from a black and minority ethnic group, compared to 13.6% across Bucks).
Carers: 1,073 people provide unpaid care in the area (8.9% in area vs. 9.8% in Bucks). 182
carers (1.5% of all people) provide more than 50 hours unpaid care per week.
Lone parents: 213 people are lone parents with dependent children (4.5% of all households,
compared with the Bucks average of 5.3%)
Lone pensioners: 683 pensioners live alone in the area (14.4% of all households, compared
with the Bucks average of 11.8%)
Unemployed: 0.9% of the adult population claimed Job Seekers Allowance in 2012, which is
lower than the Bucks average of 1.3%
Free School meals: 4.8% of pupils claimed free school meals in 2012, which is lower than the
Bucks average of 6.6%

2. Health, life expectancy and illness

Self-rated health: more residents rated their health as good or very good (87.4%) compared to
Bucks (85.8%).
Limiting long term illness: affects 1,567 residents (13.0% in area, compared to 13.4% for
Bucks). The proportion increased by 13% over ten years.
Life expectancy (people) was 84.5 years, over 2 years higher than the Bucks average (82.4
years), and ranging from 82.3 to 94.6 years across the area (2007-11).
Life expectancy (men) was 82.7 years; higher than Bucks (80.6) and England (78.6).
Life expectancy (women) was 85.9 years; higher than Bucks (84.1) and England (82.6).
Most common causes of deaths: 33.6% from cardiovascular disease (heart attacks &
strokes), followed by cancer (29.1%) & respiratory (14.9%) in the period 2007-11.
Long term conditions – people registered with GP Practices in the area (2012/13)
- Diabetes: 701 people have been diagnosed with diabetes (3.0% for area; 4.3% for Bucks).
Across Bucks, around a quarter of diabetics may be undiagnosed.
- High blood pressure: 2,919 people have diagnosed high blood pressure (12.4% for area;
13.1% for Bucks). Across Bucks, 45% of people with high blood pressure may be
undiagnosed.
- Heart disease: 619 people have heart disease (2.6% for area; 3.0% for Bucks)
- Stroke: 440 people have had a stroke (1.9% for area; 1.6% for Bucks)
- Dementia: 132 people diagnosed with dementia (0.6% for area; 0.5% for Bucks)
- Depression: 1,235 people have had depression (5.2% for area; 4.4% for Bucks)
- Cancer: 550 people have had cancer (2.3% for area; 2.0% for Bucks)
Flu immunisations (range across local GP practices, 2012/13): pregnant women: from
34.9% - 42.7% (Bucks average 40.5%); people aged under 65 at-risk: from 35.2% - 47.8%
(Bucks average 48.3%); older people: from 72.0% - 74.9% (Bucks average 73.3%)
Emergency hospital admissions: in 2011/12, the rate was 533.6 admissions per 10,000
people, 17% lower than the Bucks rate (644.3 per 100,000).
Falls: there were 60 hospital admissions for injuries from falls in 2011/12. The rate was 180.7
per 10,000 people, 29% higher than the Bucks rate (140.5 per 100,000).

3. Priorities for Prevention

Early years – interventions in the early years (up to 5 years old) can prevent social and health
problems more cost effectively than later intervention.
5.1% of births in the area were low birthweight (vs. 7.1% in Bucks for 2009-11)
67.4% of children achieved a “good level of development” at age five (vs. 54.9% in Bucks;
52.0% in England; 2012-13 school year)
Educational achievement is a strong predictor of future health
Mental wellbeing has a range of benefits to physical health and achievement throughout life.
Happy people live 7.5 -10 years longer than people who aren’t happy.
Healthy lifestyles in Bucks: 1 in 4 adults are inactive (less than 30 minutes physical activity in
a week); 1 in 7 smoke; 1 in 5 drink alcohol at risky levels; 2 in 3 adults do not eat healthily; and
more adults are now overweight & obese than a healthy weight. People who don’t smoke, are
physically active, eat healthily and only drink alcohol within recommended limits live around 14
years longer than those who don’t. A healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of diabetes, heart
disease, stroke, cancer & dementia.
Overweight children: 4.6% of reception year (Bucks average: 7.8%) and 14.4% of year 6
children (Bucks average 15.9%) were obese in 2011/12 school year.
NHS Health Checks: people registered with GP practices in the area are more likely to have a
check when invited compared to Bucks (70.6% vs. 52.4%; 2012/13).

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Last updated: 28 February 2017

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